Scabies is an infection that appears on the skin by the human itch mite like Sarcoptic scabies var. hominis . The microscopic tiny scabies parasite burrows into the top layer of the skin where it lives and lays its eggs. The common indications of scabies are extreme itching and pimple-like skin redness. Scabies normally spreads by direct, prolonged, skin-to-skin touch with a person who is already infected with scabies. Scabies can be found worldwide and affects people of all types including social classes.

Scabies spreads rapidly under the following crowded situations where close body or skin contact is expected. Organizations such as nursing homes, extended care departments and jails are often sites of scabies disorders. Child care facilities also are a commonplace of scabies infections.

What are the Symptoms of Scabies?

The common symptoms of scabies are intense itching which is also called pruritus particularly at night and a pimple-like itchy rash. The itching rash each may affect much of the body and it would be limited to common places like for e.g. the wrist, elbow, armpit, webbing in between the fingers, nipple, penis, waist, belt-line, or buttocks. The rash includes tiny blisters vesicles and scales. Scratching at the effected rash can make skin sores, sometimes those sores become contaminated by bacteria. Tiny holes sometimes are seen on the skin.

These are affected by the female scabies mite tunnelling just under the surface of the skin. These burrows look as tiny built and curved like serpiginous greyish-white or skin-coloured lines on the skin surface. Because mites or insects are usually few in number (only 10-15 mites per person). Persons with crusted scabies may not display the usual symptoms and signs of scabies such as the typical rash or itching (pruritus).

How to Diagnose Scabies?

Diagnosis of a scabies infection normally is performed based on the common appearance and condition of the rash and the appearance of burrows. Whenever it is conceivable the diagnosis of scabies should be verified by knowing the mite, mite eggs, or mite faecal matter scybala. This can be done by fully removing a mite from the end of its burrow using the tip of a needle or by taking a skin scraping to examine following a microscope for mites, eggs, or mite faecal matter. It is essential to recognize that a person can still be infected even if mites, eggs, or faecal matter cannot be seen it happens typically when fewer than 10-15 mites can be shown on the entire body of an infected person or else who is otherwise healthy. However, if persons with crusted scabies can be infected with thousands of mites and should be considered highly dangerous.

How to Treat Scabies?

On person scabies, mites can survive for 1-2 months, scabies mites normally do not survive more than 48-72 hours but in some cases, scabies mites will die if exposed to a temperature of 50°C (122°F) for only 10 minutes. There is some product used to heal scabies are called scabicides. Scabicides kill scabies mites also kill eggs as well. If anyone who is infected with this issue can find the scabicide at the nearest pharmacist or you can also find this from a well-experienced sexologist. Always follow the instructions provided by doctors also read the printed label, you can use this medicine for adults and older children. Scabicide cream or lotion is applied to all areas of the body from the neck down to the feet and toes if you are treating infants and young children then the cream or lotion should be applied to the head and neck only. The medicine should be left on the body for the prescribed time before to wash it off. It is recommended to wear clean clothes. In addition to the infected person, the treatment is recommended for family members and sexual contacted person especially those who have had extended skin to skin contact with the infected person. All persons should be treated at the same time to prevent re-infestation. Retreatment may be necessary if itching stays more than 2-4 weeks after medication or if new burrows or rash continue to appear. Never use a scabicide created for veterinary or agricultural use to treat humans!