Bacterial Vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is an irregular vaginal discharge syndrome that results from an overgrowth of atypical bacteria in the vagina. It is not a true bacterial infection but an imbalance of the bacteria normally found in the vagina. There is no danger of bacterial vaginosis, but it can cause alarming symptoms.

Bacterial vaginosis relief treatment options include topical oral antibiotics, and vaginal gels. One alternative for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis is metronidazole (Flagyl).

Serious complications of bacterial vaginosis can occur during breastfeeding, and recurrence can occur even after treatment is successful.

What are the Signs of Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) and its Symptoms?

  • An abnormal amount of vaginal discharge.
  • The vaginal discharge is thin and grayish-white.
  • Vaginal odor (foul-smelling or unpleasant fishy odor).
  • During sexual intercourse, vaginal discharge and odor are often more evident.
  • Pain with sexual intercourse or urination (rare symptoms).
Symptoms of bacterial vaginosis may occur at any time during the menstrual cycle, including before, after, or after the menstrual period if present. The amount of vaginal discharge considered to be natural varies from woman to woman. The degree of vaginal discharge that is anomalous to a particular woman should, therefore, be measured.

What Causes Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)?

Scientists have failed to decide exactly what causes bacterial vaginosis. At present, it seems that for bacterial vaginosis to occur, a mixture of several bacteria must be present together. Bacterial vaginosis usually involves a decrease in the number of normal lactobacilli containing hydrogen peroxide in the vagina. At the same time, concentrations of other types of bacteria, especially anaerobic bacteria (bacteria which develop in the absence of oxygen) are that. As a result, the diagnosis and treatment are not as easy as the detection and eradication of a single bacterial type. It is unclear why the bacteria interact to create this unbalance.

Several Risk Factors

  • multiple or new sexual partners,
  • IUDs (intrauterine devices) for birth control,
  • recent antibiotic use,
  • vaginal douching,
  • cigarette smoking
The role of sexual activity in the development of the disease is however not fully understood, and although most experts believe that bacterial vaginosis does not occur in women Others believe the disorder may still grow in women who have not had sexual intercourse.